Upadeśa-Sāram (verse 9 onwards)
MP3 audio files
Upadeśa Sāram, the essence of entire teaching, is a text with the condensed teaching of Vedānta which includes Upaniṣad, Bhagavadgītā and Brahmasūtra. What has been said in thousands of passages is being presented here by Ramaṇa Maharṣi in just 30 short couplets. The first 17 verses of this text provides us insight into spiritual practices of karmayoga or right attitude towards action, bhakti, the devotion and dhyānam, the meditation, culminating in jñānam or knowledge. The last 13 verses deal with jñānayoga or deliberation up on the nature of the Self. The one who follows this teaching attains Mokṣa, freedom from all unhappiness and sorrow once and for all and attains unsurpassable happiness or is liberated while living.